Concentrates are made by extracting only the most valuable elements of the plant and turning them into a solvent, producing a product that has a very high THC content without leaves, stems or other unwanted materials. Concentrates come in various forms, including but not limited to:
- Distillate: A runny, translucent oil devoid of the waxes or undesirable compounds from the original plant. Distillate is desirable due to its potency and versatility. It can be used to dab, vaporize, and as an ingredient in edibles, topicals, and other products. Distillate concentrates are achieved through an extensive refinement process that separates compounds found in the cannabis plant.
- Shatter: A brittle, glass-like cannabis extract with a tendency to snap when handled. Shatter is named for its break-ability, like shattered glass, and is favored for its ease in handling while dabbing. Shatter requires long and delicate purging cycles to properly remove all solvents used in the manufacturing process.
- Wax: Cannabis wax refers to the softer, opaque oils that have lost their transparency after extraction. Unlike those of transparent oils, the molecules of cannabis wax crystallize as a result of agitation. Light can’t travel through irregular molecular densities, and that refraction leaves us with a solid, non-transparent oil.
- Live resin: A term that refers to the process and resulting concentrate extracted from fresh cannabis plant material that was not dried or cured. This method is used to retain the terpenes that are lost during the drying and curing process. Products that have been extracted using the Live Resin process—freezing the cannabis plant material and extracting it—have been associated as high-quality and flavorful concentrates due to the high amounts of terpenes.
- Rosin: Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes heat and pressure to squeeze resinous sap from your starting material. This method is incredibly versatile in that it can either be used with flower, or to clean up hash and kief into a full-melt hash oil. The result is a translucent, sappy, and sometimes shatter-like product. If executed correctly, rosin can rival the flavor, potency, and yield of other solvent-based extraction products.